Many believe that the story first began in America in 1877, when two friends were
(A)________ over whether a horse ever had all four feet or hooves off the ground when it
galloped. To settle the bet, a photographer was asked to photograph a horse
galloping and the bet was settled because you could see that all the hooves were
off the ground in some of the photos. What was even more interesting was that if
the photos were shown in quick succession the horse looked (B)________ it was running —
in other words ‘moving pictures’. The person who became interested in (C)________ the
moving pictures to its next step was the famous American inventor Thomas
Edison. Actually, he didn’t do the work himself but rather asked a young Scotsman in his employ to design a system, which he did. Now this young fellow
was clever because the first thing he did was study other systemsprimitive as
they were — of moving pictures and then put all the existing technologies
together to make the first entire motion picture system. He designed a camera, a
projection device and the film. The system was first shown in New York in 1894
and was really very popular. Apparently people lined up around the block to see
the wonderful new invention. There were, however, a couple of problems with
the system. The camera weighed over 200 kilograms and only one person at a
time could see the film. Well now, news of the new system in America (D)________ fast and
a number of rival European systems started to appear once people had heard about
it. The single problem with all the systems was that they couldn’t really (E)________ the film
onto a screen — you know, so more than one person could see it. Then in 1895,
three systems were developed, more or less at the same time and independently
of each other. I guess the most famous of these was (F)________ the Lumiere Brothers from
France, and they called their system the cinematograph which of course is where the
word cinema comes from. Well now, once the problem of projection had been
solved, the next (G)________ for the inventors was to make the films longer and more
interesting. A continuing problem at the time was that the films had a tendency to
break when they were being played — a problem which was caused by the tension
between the two wheels, or ‘reels’ as they are called, which hold the film.
For question сhoose the correct answer (1, 2, 3 or 4).
Выберите из предложенных вариантов слово, которое пропущено в тексте рядом с буквой F.
Показать разбор и ответ
Согласно контексту позднее были созданы, разработаны «developed» еще три
аппарата, и самый известный из них был создан братьями Люмьер. Итак, для
образования пассивной конструкции употребляем предлог «by». Кстати, в
пассивных предложениях также возможным есть употребление предлога «with»
для выражения инструмента, орудия действия. Сравните следующие примеры:
This bridge was built by five workers. This bridge was built with a hammer and an
axe. Soup is eaten with a spoon.
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